It should be trimmed if the leaves turn brown as well. Areca palms are a well-loved indoor plant that tend to grow to be about 6 to 7 feet (1.8 to 2.1 m) tall. There are several species of palm. Best planted in a full sun to moderation shade location, the fan palm has a reputation as being very hardy, as it can endure temperatures as low as 5 F. (-15 C.). Any reasonably fertile, well-drained soil, including alkaline, is suitable and Chinese Fan Palm should be fertilized two or three times during the year. The fleshy or fibrous fruit pulp frequently contains growth inhibitors and so the pulp must be removed before planting. Similar to other trees on the palm family, the Chamaerops humilis need to be propagated from seeds. It will tolerate cold temperatures down to 5F. Check the transplanted palm pup frequently to make sure the soil stays moist. The fine-textured fronds make the palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. Propagation: Propagated from seeds, the European fan palm needs temperatures of 80ºF (27ºC) which makes them difficult for the average grower to propagate. So please join me in learning more about Mediterranean fan palm plants and discover how to grow Mediterranean fan palms! Plant in a … Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. A seeding mat can be used to help maintain proper temperatures during the seeding process. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. They are characterized by large (up to 18-24 in. Once you see that the palm pup is putting out growth on its own, you can remove the plastic bag. They also have exceptional wind and drought tolerance. European fan palm grows in partial sun and partial shade. They are grown through either native propagation or through reproduction and human cultivation. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Description Pritchardia are single trunked palm trees with fan-shaped leaves. The propagation of this palm is through seeds. Container plantings will be more dwarfed due to restricted root growth – repot once every 3 years, only if needed, as the Mediterranean fan palm is said to have fragile roots. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius). Eurpean Fan Palm is a beautiful plant, and it grows into a nice shrubby form. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. I think that’s the reason I’m fascinated with the Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis). While it may grow slower in the shade, the fronds will grow slightly larger than when it is grown with more sunlight. Seed of Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta) may begin to germinate in less than 2 weeks, seed of areca palm (Dypsis lutescens) in 3–4 weeks, while seed of parlor palm (Chamaedorea elegans) may not begin to germinate for several months and then continue sporadically for over a year. Propagation is by seed or division. Many kinds of clumping palms do well outdoors in warm climates and can be container-grown houseplants. Water it weekly, and more frequently when it’s subjected to extreme heat. Growing to 12–20 m (39–66 ft) tall, Trachycarpus fortunei is a single stemmed fan palm.The diameter of the trunk is up to 15–30 cm (6–12 in). Propagation: Seed, pre-soaked for 24 hours in fresh water. These palms also produce suckers (shoots growing) which can be detached and propagated. The Mediterranean fan palm is great in a standalone planting or can be planted with other Mediterranean fan palm plants to create a unique looking hedge or privacy screen. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. Until it’s established with a deep, extensive root system (which takes a full growing season), you will want to be especially diligent in watering it. When planting palm seed of species with which one has no previous experience, or for which no germination … It has tiny, yellow flowers. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Propagation: Propagated by seeds. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. However, as one of the most adaptable species of palms they can withstand both extreme heat and extreme cold. Fan shaped leaves, 60-90cm across, have green to grey –green lobes. They are able to adapt to varying textures (loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). European fan palms thrive in full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. Because of the way they grow, palm trees cannot be propagated through the asexual means used to propagate many trees. You can … The curved, clumping, short trunks and gray-green, fan-shaped leaves, borne thickly in a bushy head, make a stunning sculptural element in a garden or patio containers. European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. Chusan windmill palms can be propagated by seeds. Fresh seed germinates within 30 days. Common estimates rate this palm to at least -6.5 C (20 F) with frond damage occurring several degrees higher, depending on relative humidity and soil moisture (the drier, the more cold resistant). The Mexican fan palm is fairly cold hardy, especially in drier climates. It makes a nice barrier or group accent at the corner of the landscape. I like unique and wonderful things. European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! If a palm has several main stems or … The soil should be moist. Fiji fan palm prefers partial shade or partial sun to full sun. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. Cool air, but not cold drafts is good for the palm. Place the palm pup in a location where it will get bright but indirect light. Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, 11 Palm Trees That Tolerate Freezing Temperatures, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, Growing the Lady Palm (Rhapis Excelsa) Indoors, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. If you are growing a European fan palm as a houseplant, keep repotting to a minimum - every 2-3 years should be sufficient. Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. This small, multi-stemmed palm is the only one native to Europe, hardier than most palms, and reaches heights of 8 to 15 feet. The Mediterranean fan palm is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions (clay, loam or sand texture, slightly acidic to highly alkaline soil pH), which is further testament to its hardiness. Now, let’s learn more about growing a Mediterranean fan palm. The easiest way to propagate a palm plant is through seed germination. While this plant can be purchased at a nursery or garden center, you can grow your own palm by cutting and transplanting a smaller offshoot, or by germinating the seeds yourself. Leaves will be in a color palette of blue-green, gray-green and or yellow-green, depending on which of those regions they originate from. Fresh ripe seeds are used for this. The European Fan Palm is a slow growing palm that rarely grows higher than 5 – 10 ft tall and 1-5 ft wide. davekbrown@aol.com Chamaerops No.31 Summer 1998. European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they are kept indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a container garden. Although growth rate is slow, it is well wort… Transplant the palm at 1" depth using a well draining soil mix. Dave Brown, Chalk, North West Kent. To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season. Over pruned Mediterranean Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilisa) Cleaning those sharp fronds is a piece of cake if you put them on a large plastic cover. European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. Propagating European Fan Palms European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. The Hawaiian Pritchardia are generally medium to large sized palms growing from 25 to 60 feet tall. Fertilize with a slow-release palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Livistona chinensis subglobosa is a dwarf Chinese Fan Palm. Leaf color on individual plants ranges from deep green to grayish and bluish green. The color and hairiness of the leaves, the length of the flowering stems, and the size and color of the fruit vary by species. And, once established, they prove to be very drought resistant, although you would be advised to water it moderately, especially in the summer. A palm may yield several individual plants. Maintenance: Easy. Water the area well until it is moist. Uses: Ornamental. It is great for USDA Zones 7b (5 to 10 F) to 11 (above 40 F). Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Barring extreme, fatal conditions, fires are even conducive to the health and propagation of fan palms. Propagating European Fan Palm Tree. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. And here’s a fact you might want to remember if you’re ever on the game show Jeopardy: The Mediterranean fan palm is the only palm native to Europe, which is probably why this tree is also referred to as the ‘European fan palm.’. They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. After planting, water only when the surface of the soil is dry to … This tree is considered medium size for a palm tree with a potential height of 10-15 feet (3-4.5 m.) tall and wide. In extreme heat, it may need to be watered as often as once a week to help roots establish. Followers 1. propagating med fan pups. I have always had the urge to propagate anything exotic by whatever means available. The propagation of most palms is through seeds. To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. Warm, sunny days and cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms. So what is involved with Mediterranean fan palm care? In colder regions, they can be kept outside during the warm summer months and overwintered indoors. When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. How to Separate a Palm Clump. Prefers moist but well drained soil. The palms' reproduction process benefits from burnings, as fires help release saplings and clear away overgrowth from surrounding vegetation. A … This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. European fan palms appreciate regular fertilizing throughout the year. Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Keep the seeds consistently moist until they germinate, which can take several weeks. And, once established, they prove to be very drought resistant, although you would be advised to water it moderately, especially in the summer. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. Use in containers for patio, deck or foundation areas. Remove the palm plant from its pot and look for a sucker that is at least 1 foot tall. This Chinese Fan Palm does not need to be pruned much other than to keep the shape that you want the palm to have. Propagate from seed. Air layering, cuttings, and division are for the most part not effective when starting palm trees. However, it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers. As to be expected, European fan palms thrive in coastal conditions. Make sure to keep new plants out of direct sunlight until they develop roots, and make sure to use rich soil that has a lot of nutrients for the new plant. Amend the soil in the spring, summer, and fall with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms. With multiple brown trunks of fibrous bark that are scaled like a pinecone from top to bottom and triangular fan-shaped leaves, it really appeals to my sense of weirdness, and I just have to know more about it. DISCUSSING PALM TREES WORLDWIDE ; propagating med fan pups Sign in to follow this . My taste in plants and trees, in particular, is like a Ripley’s Believe It or Not of the horticulture world. It requires bright light and high humidity. Its texture is very rough, with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem as layers of coarse fibrous material. For this reason, European fan palms are frequently used to add a tropical flair to temperature landscapes. Can You Cut the Top Off of a Madagascar Palm to Propagate Multiple Growth?. long), blue-green fan-shaped leaves that are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments. By pfancy, January 10, 2012 in DISCUSSING PALM TREES WORLDWIDE. Growing a Mediterranean fan palm is relatively easy. You can transplant your established palm pup into the ground in either the spring or the fall. If you’re not as fortunate to live in these warmer more temperate zones, you do have the option of growing fan palm indoors in a deep container with well-draining potting soil where you can split its time indoors/outdoors. 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Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. Just wrap them together and take them to the garbage. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. However, keep an eye out for common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and leaf spot. Usually, the only way to start a palm tree is from seed. Early spring is the best time to plant the seeds and should be planted loosely in rich soil. Here’s some interesting fan palm information: Some growers will severely prune all but one trunk to ground level to make it look like a standard single trunk palm tree. Regardless, the only pruning typically required for Mediterranean fan palm care should be to remove dead fronds. Cold Tolerance : It is wind resistant and is very cold hardy. If you are propagating, sow the seeds in … While seed propagation is relatively easy, it does require patience, as it can take as long as three months for the seeds to germinate. When choosing a planting location keep in mind that sharp teeth line the stem of each frond, so you may want to choose an area where pets and people won’t come into contact them. Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. Chamaerops Common name – European fan palm Popular species – Chamaeropshumilis Genus of evergreen slow–growing palm, suckering with age. This palm is native to the Mediterranean, Europe and North Africa. You are in : GARDENING » Palms » Propagation and Planting Propagation and Planting. Chinese Fan Palm tolerates drought very well. The dead leaves should be removed from the palm roughly once a year. In regions with harsh winter conditions, European fan palms can be easily overwintered indoors. This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. You can separate a palm's clump or root ball to cultivate more than one plant out of a single stock. Fan Palm should be partially shaded. However, if your goal is to have a single trunk palm, you may want to consider exploring other palm tree options. I admit it. A spin-off from the lively letters on the subject, Dave explains how it can be done. If pruned (suckers removed), it will grow into a single trunk tree form (similar form to a palm tree). Propagation. When planting European fan palms outdoors, ensure that the palms are spaced at least 3-4 feet apart. Propagation is by seed or division. Make sure it is at least one and a half meter away from any wall to allow its fronds to spread properly. Germination time is erratic and can take months. When it comes to propagation, you will need to use cuttings from the plant that you already have to create a new one. Until the roots of a European fan palm are well-established, it should be watered regularly. Plants should be watered during dry spells and will benefit from an organic mulch. Needs full light and fertile, well–drained soil. Regular watering in the summer helps to encourage growth. This slow growing palm can be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 8 -11. Best planted in a full sun to moderation shade location, the fan palm has a reputation as being very hardy, as it can endure temperatures as low as 5 F. (-15 C.). Sign up for our newsletter. European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. European fan palms are happy in average outdoor humidity but may require extra humidity when grown indoors. 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